- The fire is small and contained, not spreading
- There are no clouds of smoke, which can be toxic
- There are no highly flammable materials, such as gasoline
- You have a clear exit from the area
- If you are trapped by the fire and must extinguish it to get out
The most common types of tires are combustibles such as wood, flammable liquids like gasoline and electrical fires. The type of extinguisher we use in our work is an ABC Dry Chemical Extinguisher, which is good for all three types. Other fires such as grease fires in kitchens and fires with reactive metals should not be attempted.
Before fighting the fire, notify others in the area and pull the alarm if you are in a building and one is present. Call 911 and report the fire. You can use a water truck as back up if there is one onsite. Have someone else bring a second extinguisher in case yours runs out of chemical, or the extinguisher does not work. Remember the acronym PASS:
P – Pull the pin
A – Aim at the base of the fire, not the top
S – Squeeze the handle
S – Sweep back and forth
If the fire blazes up, spreads or starts creating clouds of smoke, abandon your efforts and get out. Do not allow yourself to stand inside a cloud of smoke, it can be toxic and it will definitely damage your lungs.
Reduce the danger of fire in your work area by assessing the hazards near you.
- Remove excess combustible or flammable materials from your work area
- Protect those items that can’t be removed from heat sources, hot equipment or welding activities – Use fire blankets or barriers (non-combustible)
- Notify others regarding the hazards present in your work area
- Know your evacuation plan and meeting area for the jobsite – review this with the crew
- Is it the right minimum size extinguisher?
- Fuel trucks – 10 lb
- Hot work – 5 lb
- Work truck – 2.5 lb
- Fuel trucks – 10 lb
- The needle is in the green, not the red
- The pin is present and secured to the handle
- The label shows that an inspection has been done within the last 12 months
- No pitting corrosion or other damage to the extinguisher
- Notify your supervisor if there is any deficiencies (missing, expired, damaged)
- Fasten it securely in your vehicle, don’t allow it to roll around, they can become a projectile.
If any problems are seen, notify your supervisor.