Wear the proper PPE; eye protection, head protection, heavy duty leather gloves and steel-toed boots with metatarsal guards.
Ensure slings and chains are in good condition and not frayed or cracked. Understand their rated capacities and verify they are proper for the load. If the rated load of a sling cannot be read, the sling is out of service and cannot be used.
Inspect hooks and clasps. Verify they are not deformed in any way. All hooks should have clasps that enclose the hook completely.
If using straps with ratchet fasteners, ensure the ratchet is large enough to safely secure the load and will not break loose. Ensure the locking clasp is working.
Secure chains and slings underneath, or attached to, the strongest load bearing structure on the load.
Keep in mind that all equipment needs to support both the largest sustained load and the largest impact or shock load. It is important that the operator minimize sudden movements of the load.
Secure loose parts, doors, or other swinging components of the load before lifting. Strapping or crating are common techniques. If securing the load with metal or nylon banding, protect from lacerations by wearing a face shield, a long-sleeve shirt and heavy leather gloves.
Secure the load and test the load before lifting. Understand the center of gravity of the load and how it may shift once lifted. Odd shaped items are likely to shift.
Attach tag lines to the load to direct where it will be placed and to mitigate risk of movement while transferring. Never stand underneath a load. Do not steady the load with your hands.
Store rigging in a protected place, such as a rigging box. Do not leave it on the ground and exposed to weather.
Questions to Generate Discussion – ask workers their opinion, then show photos
1. Why is it important to understand the center of gravity of the load? – So the load does not shift and rotate or fall
2. Why is it important to secure lifting devices to the heaviest, strongest part of the load? – To prevent damage to the load, warping, bending, cracking, or failure
3. Why is it important for hooks to have clasps? – To prevent the straps from coming off of the hook and dropping the load